Definition of the IOT
The core of the IOT is the Internet, but it is a part of the new-generation information network and an extension of the Internet. It is defined as: through radio frequency identification technology (RFID) and the Internet, thermal sensors, GPS, laser scanning equipment, gas sensing and other sensing equipment, according to the protocol, the specified items are connected to the Internet to perform information communication and exchange to achieve intelligent tracking, identification, monitoring, positioning, management and other purposes. The three major technology systems of the IOT include: sensor technology, communication network system, and intelligent system. And through the three major systems of RFID, GPS system, sensing, infrared, laser and other IOT technology can complete the identification, positioning, tracking, counting, sorting, and selection of information operations.
Application of IOT technology in the field of logistics
The cargo can be tracked and located throughout the journey,if the GPS tracker is used for transportation management.Realized emergency vehicle rescue in emergencies. It can also carry out vehicle dispatching and provide the vehicle’s alarm function to make the cargo more secure during transportation. GPS technology used in freight vehicle operation management. In the fields of monitoring and dispatching of long-distance cargo transportation, positioning and tracking of special vehicles, GPS technology is also widely used. Based on the tracking function of GPS technology for all vehicles, it implements online distribution information services and completes the return of empty vehicles on the way to the nearest location Cargo, reduce the rate of empty car return, and save costs for enterprises. At present, many large crude oil companies have introduced this technology to ensure the safety and efficiency of cargo transportation through intelligent monitoring.
GPS tracker used in the port IoT
The intelligent port system represented by the container truck monitoring GPS software and the dedicated GPS vehicle monitoring system has become the development symbol of the IOT technology in port industry. It has also laid a solid foundation for the development of the Internet of Things technology in the port industry. GPS application of logistics distribution monitoring system. First of all, the warehousing scheduling service process can be adjusted to avoid the problem of unloading and warehousing of vehicles after arriving due to rushed arrival. Through the in-transit monitoring system software, the vehicle in transit can be tracked throughout the process to improve the level of cargo organization, speed up the turnover efficiency, and establish and equip a GPS intelligent logistics network system.
The development trends of the IOT
The IOT is a comprehensive technology, and its application in the logistics industry has the characteristics of scale, extensiveness, management, and technology. And a new logistics business system with intelligent transportation, automatic storage, dynamic distribution, and information control has been formed. Because the IOT runs through all aspects of the logistics industry, the various links in the supply chain of the logistics industry are closely connected, forming a seamless docking, and then forming a logistics service chain. The information collaboration technology based on the IOT will change the operation mode of the logistics industry to a large extent. And the internal information of the logistics enterprise will be highly integrated and integrated, so that the inside of the enterprise can understand the dynamics of the goods in real time, and perform the necessary logistics control according to the dynamics of the goods. At the same time, in the context of the implementation of the IOT, logistics information helps optimize the allocation and integration of resources and greatly improves operational efficiency. Effectively transmit the real-time information required by logistics enterprises, help enterprises analyze and solve problems, make timely and effective decisions, improve internal operation efficiency, and improve logistics service levels.
The logistics industry is the industry with the most extensive application of the IOT, and its development is conducive to the professional improvement of logistics. Have a positive impact on the operation of the logistics link, and promote the integration of logistics functions. With the strong support of relevant policies and the continuous development of the IOT, The logistics industry will certainly have great changes and be deeply affected by the development of the IOT.